Nepal’s population policy

Population Policies and Programs of Nepal [6]
Population policies of Nepal have been incorporating into the periodic plans of the country ever since the first five year plan launched in 1956.  Since then, Nepal has been showing genuine concern over population and population policies that can improve socio-economic status of the country as well.

Review of Population Policies
The initiation of population policies in Nepal goes back to late fifties since Nepal launched its first five year plan. The population related issues, policies and programmes have been gripped more or less in all these periodic plans. The first and second five year plans did not have any specific population policy, however, they had certain provisions to redistribute population from densely populated hill region to thinly populated Terai region and also aimed to extend social services and increase employment opportunities through labor intensive schemes.

Nepal formally initiated the first population policy in Third Plan Period (1965-70). There was a chapter on ‘Population and Man Power’ and the main focus was given to family planning with a view to reducing crude birth rate.  The Fourth Plan (1970-75) further established the population policy to reduce birth rate by bringing changes in socio-economic condition and cultural practices of people, and implementing family planning programmes at different levels. Later, in 1975, the Fifth plan addressed the recommendation extracted from the outcomes of 4th plan and included fertility, mortality and migration issues in population policy.

The Sixth plan (1980-85) further broadened its arena on population policy including the programmatic issues. National Population Strategy was finalized and set many long and short term demographic targets. G.    The Seventh Plan (1985-1990) put the issue of unmet need for contraception. It also kept eyes into other economic, agricultural and environmental issues and planed to mobilize both the local and non-governmental organizations for women and child development and population growth control.

The Eight Plan (1992-97) continued national population policy view balancing the population growth, socio-economic and environmental issues together whereas Ninth Five Year plan went a step ahead and worked on population management and poverty alleviation which was also continued in Tenth Plan (2002-2007) .

Long Term Vision [6]

Nepal has set a long term vision of assuring a quality life for all Nepalese through effective population management and human development. By 2017, the vision is to bring the fertility rate to the level of replacement through the medium of women empowerment and poverty alleviation.

Population Perspective Plan (2010-2031) [6]

The concept of population perspective plan (PPP) was first conceived in the ninth five year plan (1997-2002). The plan was brought in response to reduce fertility to replacement level and alleviating poverty.

The PPP identifies the following population themes to integrate with development activities and population management:
• Demographic analysis
• Reproductive health
• Economic dimension
• Poverty dimension
• Spatial dimension
• Gender mainstreaming
• Social dimension
• Decentralization
• Institutional mechanisms

References:

1.    Demeny, P., Population policy: A Concise Summary 2003, Population Council.
2.    Ahmed, M.M., Synopsis of Demography and Population Dynamics. 2 ed. Vol. 1. 2012. 121.
3. Spengler, J.J., Population and World Economic Development Science, 1960. 131(3412): p. 7. Retrieved from http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/wp/173.pdf on 25/08/2012
4.    Nepal Population Report 2011. 2011, Government of Nepal Minstry of Health and Population Population Division.
5.    Siegel, J.S. and D.A. Swanson, The methods and materials of demography 2ed. Vol. 1. 2004, Theobald’s Road, London: Elsevier Academic Press.
6.    Bista, B.G., Population Policy and Reproductive Health Central Bureau of Statistics.


My education includes training in medicine, public health, clinical research, biostatistics and health response in complex emergency. I have more than seven years of experiences in health research (Survey, Case control studies, Randomised Controlled Trials (RCT), Health Policy and Systems Research). My areas of expertise also include the project management particularly in health sector. I have also experience and interest to work in health emergency in large population in disaster setting.

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